Science

Vision and Principles

Science at Rosemellin engages all leaners in actively and exploring the world around them.

It aims to enhance the children’s connection to the natural world, develop their creative and critical thinking skills, as well as foster a sense of curiosity, awe and wonder.

Science - Intent

Our intention for science at Rosemellin is to engage all learners in actively investigating and exploring the world around them. Through a progressive and sequential curriculum, we seek to develop the children’s connection to the natural world, enhance and encourage their innate curiosity, as well as foster a sense of awe and wonder.

Science gives children the building blocks to understand the world around them and the skills to find out more. It offers children the opportunity to grapple with ‘big’ questions and encourages an inquisitive attitude. We also believe that allowing the children time to discuss topics as scientists enables them to develop their higher order thinking skills.

We believe that children learn science best by getting ‘hands on’, exploring and discovering for themselves and we endeavour to maximise practical opportunities. We also take learning outside the classroom where possible. Children are provided with a range of opportunities to carry out different types of scientific enquiry and we encourage them to plan their own investigations. We aim to build the children’s scientific capital by developing their scientific knowledge and skills sequentially, explicitly discussing the role of science in our daily lives and exploring careers associated with it.

Science Curriculum Map

Term Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6
Autumn 1 Animals including humans

 

Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores.

Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.

 

Seasonal Changes and weather

 

Observe changes across the four seasons.

 

Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies.

Living things and habitats

 

Explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead and things that have never been alive.

 

Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other.

 

Identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including micro habitats.

Describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify the name of different sources of food.

Rocks

 

Compare and group together different kinds of rocks on the basis of appearance and simple physical properties.

 

Describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock.

 

Recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter.

Plants

Explore the requirements for life and growth (air. Light, water, nutrients from soil and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant.

Identify and describe the functions of different parts of a flowering plant: roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers.

 

Investigate the way in which water is transported within plants. Explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants.

Electricity (link DT switches)

 

Identify common appliances that run on electricity.

 

Construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers.

 

Identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery.

 

Recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit.

 

Recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors.

 

Living things and their habitats

 

Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird.

 

Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

 

Living things and their habitats

 

Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including micro-organisms and plants.

Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.

Autumn 2 Animals including humans

 

Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores.

 

Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.

 

Everyday materials

 

Identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for particular uses.

 

Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.

Animals including humans

 

Identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat.

 

Identify that humans and some animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.

Animals including humans

 

Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans.

 

Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions.

Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.

Animals including humans

 

Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

Evolution and inheritance

 

Recognise that living things have changed over time and fossils ide information about living things millions of years ago.

 

Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind.

Identify how plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution.

Spring 1 Plants

 

Identify and name a variety of common and wild garden plants including trees.

 

Identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees.

 

 

Seasonal Changes and weather

 

Observe changes across the four seasons.

Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons

and how day length varies.

Animals including humans

 

Notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults.

 

Find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air).

 

Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene.

Forces and magnets

 

Compare how things move on different surfaces.

 

Notice that some forces need contact between two objects, but magnetic forces can act at a distance.

 

Observe how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others.

 

Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet, and identify some magnetic materials.

 

Describe magnets as having two poles.

 

Predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing.

Living things and their habitats

 

Living things can be grouped in a variety of ways.

 

Explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name living things in their local and wider environment.

 

Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things.

Earth and Space

 

Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies.

 

Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth.

 

Describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system.

 

Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky.

Earth and Space

 

Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies.

 

Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth.

 

Describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system.

 

Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky.

Spring 2 Animals including humans

 

Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores.

 

Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.

Everyday materials

 

Identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for particular uses.

 

Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.

 

 

Light

 

Recognise that they need light in order to see things and that dark is the absence of light.

 

Notice that light is reflected from surfaces.

 

Recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and that there are ways to protect their eyes.

 

Recognise that shadows are formed when the light from a light source is blocked by a solid object.

 

Find patterns in the way that the size of shadows change.

Review, Revisit, Consolidate

 

Revisit prior learning, consolidating key scientific concepts before progressing.

Materials (Properties and Shape of Materials)

 

Compare and group together

everyday materials on the basis of their properties.

 

Know that some materials will

dissolve in liquid to form a solution, and describe how to recover a substance from a solution.

 

Use knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how mixtures might be separated.

Give reasons, based on evidence from comparative and fair tests, for the particular uses of everyday materials.

 

Demonstrate that dissolving, mixing and changes of state are reversible changes.

 

Explain that some changes result in the formation of new materials, and that this kind of change is not usually reversible, including changes associated with burning and the action of acid on bicarbonate of soda.

 

 Light

 

Recognise that light appears to travel in straight lines.

 

Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye. Explain that we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes.

 

Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them.

Summer 1 Plants

 

Identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees.

 

Identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees

 

Seasonal Changes and weather

 

Observe changes across the four seasons.

 

Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies.

 

Living things and habitats

 

Explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead and things that have never been alive.

 

Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other.

 

Plants

 

Identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including micro habitats.

Describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify the name of different sources of food.

Plants

 

Explore the requirements for life and growth (air. Light, water, nutrients from soil and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant.

 

Identify and describe the functions of different parts of a flowering plant: roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers.

 

Investigate the way in which water is transported within plants.

 

Explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants.

Materials: (States of matter)

 

Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases.

 

Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C).

 

Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.

Review, Revisit, Consolidate

 

Revisit prior learning, consolidating key scientific concepts before progressing.

 

Electricity

 

Associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit.

 

Compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches.

 

Use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram.

Summer 2 Materials

Distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made.

 

Identify and name a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, glass, metal, water, and rock.

 

Describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials.

 

Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of their simple physical properties.

Living things and their habitats/plants

Explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead and things that have never been alive.

Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other.

 

Identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including micro habitats.

Describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify the name of different sources of food.

Plants

 

Explore the requirements for life and growth (air. Light, water, nutrients from soil and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant.

 

Identify and describe the functions of different parts of a flowering plant: roots, stem / trunk, leaves and flowers.

 

Investigate the way in which water is transported within plants.

 

Explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants.

Sound

Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.

 

Recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear.

 

Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it.

 

Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.

Forces (Gravity)

 

Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object.

 

Identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, which act between moving surfaces.

 

Recognise that some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect.

Animals including humans (sport and healthy living focus)

Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.

 

Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function.

 

Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.